Case Report

By Dr. Rameshwer Dayal , Dr. Sheetal Dayal , Dr. Abhishek Shah , Dr. Acheleshwar Dayal , Dr. Jayant Harne , Dr. P.D Agarwal
Corresponding Author Dr. Abhishek Shah
General Surgery KMC Mangalore INDIA, Room no 204S kmc falnir men's hostel - India 575001
Submitting Author Dr. Abhishek Shah
Other Authors Dr. Rameshwer Dayal
Dayal Hospital, Indore, - India

Dr. Sheetal Dayal
Dayal Hospital, Indore, - India

Dr. Acheleshwar Dayal
Dayal Hospital, Indore, - India

Dr. Jayant Harne
Dayal Hospital, Indore, - India

Dr. P.D Agarwal
Dayal hospital, Indore, - India


incisional hernia, Subcostal incision, Wound infection

Dayal R, Dayal S, Shah A, Dayal A, Harne J, Agarwal P. Case Report On Giant Incisional Hernia In Subcostal Incision. WebmedCentral SURGERY 2011;2(1):WMC001437
doi: 10.9754/journal.wmc.2011.001437
Submitted on: 08 Jan 2011 10:46:26 AM GMT
Published on: 10 Jan 2011 01:16:27 PM GMT


Although rare but incisional hernia can be seen in patients with incisions other than median and paramedian incision. Presenting a case of incisional hernia in KOCHER'S incision who was operated for cholecystitis 8 months back. Incisional hernia generally develops in patients who have had wound infection, increased wound tension,improper closure techniques.


Incisional hernia is a result of failure of proper closure of abdominal wall following surgery.
Wound infection and dehiscence are the most important catastrophic event that can follow
abdominal operation and incisional hernia may develop within months to years [1]. Incisional
hernias are most commonly seen in patients with infraumbilical incision than with incision above
umbilicus. The reported incidence varies widely between 0.5% to 13.9% [2]. Although exact
incidence of incisional hernia through nonverticle incision has not been reported it ranges
approximately to 1%. Though the incidence can be reduced by mass closure or by using non
absorbable sutures.
The hernias associated with non vertical incision are associated with most complications like
obstruction, incarceration or strangulation, if these are not treated early or left untreated.
Recurrence in incisional hernia is also seen due to wound infection, seroma formation [3, 4], or
patient condition like obesity, abdominal distention, violent cough or vomiting [5].

Case Report(s)

A middle aged normal built patient underwent Cholecystectomy 8 months ago, laparoscopy was attempted and converted eventually to open cholecystectomy, post operative period was uneventful, and patient was discharged 5 days after surgery there was no intraop complication and no post operative wound infection. Two months following surgery patient reported with fullness and a reducible swelling at the incision site. On exam swelling was reducible and cough impulse was present in the right hypochondrium gradually swelling increased in size to attain a size of 34X 30 cm in size extending upto 5th intercostal space. Patient was investigated and any precipitating factors for incisional hernia were evaluated.
Fig1: Site and Size of Hernia
Fig 2: Examination in sitting position
Intraoperatively ,skin scar was excised by elliptical incision ,sac was adherent under the skin , sac was dissected all around the defect by deepening the incision till the oblique aponeurosis, strangely not much of fibrosis and no evidence of non-absorbable suture material was found . Flaps were mobilised to further define the defect, margins of the defect was quiet wide apart. plane was developed underneath external oblique aponeurosis, sac was plicated and Inlay mesh was placed 15*15 cm in size. Closed suction drain was kept.
Fig 3: Intraop picture after plication of the sac
Fig 4: After separation of the tissues and creation of plane
Fig 5: Post op picture
Post operative period was uneventful and patient was discharged after 7 days.

Source(s) of Funding

self and patient

Competing Interests



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