Original Articles

By Dr. Philip McKenna
Corresponding Author Dr. Philip McKenna
Gribbles Veterinary, PO Box 536, Palmerston North - New Zealand
Submitting Author Dr. Philip B McKenna

Nematoda, Cestoda, Trematoda, Acanthocephala, Protozoa, bird, checklist, bibliography, New Zealand

McKenna P. An updated checklist of helminth and protozoan parasites of birds in New Zealand. WebmedCentral PARASITOLOGY 2010;1(9):WMC00705
doi: 10.9754/journal.wmc.2010.00705
Submitted on: 26 Sep 2010 07:33:03 PM GMT
Published on: 27 Sep 2010 07:17:49 AM GMT


A combined and updated checklist of helminth and protozoan parasites of birds in New Zealand is provided. This checklist, which is divided into two parts, includes a total of 203 parasites (68 nematodes, 40 cestodes, 44 trematodes, 11 acanthocephalans and 40 protozoans) from 116 hosts.


Since publication of checklist of helminth and protozoan parasites of birds in New Zealand over 10 years ago [1], there have been a number of new records. This update includes these additional records and allows for the correction of those errors and omissions that were present in the preceding version. In the main, the taxonomic names assigned to those parasites recorded in the previous checklist have been kept in the present list also. Thus, the generic name Capillaria continues to be used in its widest sense despite such revisions as those suggested by Moravec [2] in which some Capillaria species were retained in this genus while others were provisionally reassigned to a number of different genera including Eucoleus (Capillaria annulata, Capillaria contorta, Capillaria perforans), Baruscapillaria (Capillaria emberizae, Capillaria obsignata), or Aonchotheca (Capillaria caudinflata). In contrast, the generic nematode names of Stomachus and Filicapsularia, which are lapsed names [3], have been replaced by Contracaecum and Anisakis, respectively. Likewise, the generic protozoan name Spironucleus is used rather than Hexamita as suggested by Levine [4] and the apparent spelling error of Eimeria kovoidi recorded by Williams [5] has been corrected to Eimeria kofoidi [6]. As well, the acanthocephalan parasite recorded in the pied stilt as Polymorphus sp.by McDonald [7] has been changed to Profilicollis sp. following the proposal of Nickol [8]. Finally, some of the formerly used bird names have also been modified and now more generally conform to those in Avibase [9].
As in the previous publication, the checklist is divided into two parts. In both parts, and where applicable, the parasite listings are divided into the major groups of Nematoda, Cestoda, Trematoda, Acanthocephala and Protozoa. In the first part the parasites are listed alphabetically under the common name of the host and in the second they are listed alphabetically according to parasite. To try to make it easier to find a particular host and to attempt to ensure that similar type hosts are generally grouped together, in Part I the common host names are presented as "Duck, mallard" or "Penguin, blue" rather than the more conventional "Mallard duck" or "Blue penguin" format used in the second part of the document. In addition and for similar reasons, the Paradise shelduck is simply referred to as Paradise duck.
In keeping with the previous version of this checklist, only those parasites identified to at least generic level have been included. Each parasite record in Part I is supported by a reference (although not necessarily the first New Zealand record), whereas such citations are omitted from Part 2. Parasites considered to be of uncertain or questionable identity are indicated by a question mark while all new parasite records or new host-parasite links representing additions to those provided in the previous checklist [1], are accompanied by the symbol †.


Work carried out in gathering information for this paper was supported by MAF Biosecurity New Zealand.


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