My opinion

By Dr. Deepak Gupta
Corresponding Author Dr. Deepak Gupta
Self, - United States of America
Submitting Author Dr. Deepak Gupta

Affiliation, Publication, Requirement, Optional

Gupta D. Affiliation For Publication: Requirement Or Optional. WebmedCentral MEDICAL ETHICS 2022;13(12):WMC005805

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License(CC-BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Submitted on: 20 Nov 2022 09:51:40 PM GMT
Published on: 05 Dec 2022 12:39:38 AM GMT

My opinion

Hippocrates of Kos, Father of Medicine, published theories and practices. The question is whether he documented affiliation to any ancient institution as pre-requirement before publication unless he himself rose to such status that his name had become an institution in itself. Alternatively, ancient institutions in their infancy might have been too young to rein in ancient authors. Moreover, ancient authors might have been loner pioneers actually giving birth and thence nurturing those infant-aged ancient institutions. Fast-forward two millenniums, Bernardus Carnotensis [1] allegedly quoted nanos gigantum humeris insidentes [2] to suggest modern dwarfs riding on ancient giants. Analogously, modern academics may have grown exponentially while drawing on much larger institutional investment and more powerful peer feedback as compared to what their ancient predecessors might have depended on. Thus, the question now becomes whether anyone without affiliation [3] can publish to document theories and practices and whether anyone with affiliation can forgo disclosure of affiliation to publish independently developed theories and independently finessed practices. The counterargument can be that none can be perfectly independent when developing theories or finessing practices especially when modern academic physicians are employed to innovate while overseeing multidisciplinary research teams plus teaching plethora of students and treating diverse patient population. This opportune era has become possible secondary to institutions hands-down outgrowing at faster rate with wider reach thus outpacing and outperforming loner pioneers’ individualistic growth. However, when authors may not be acknowledging their own lives or their families wherein their seen-heard-felt life-family experiences too may be contributing by seeding publishable theories and inspiring designable practices, the documentation of affiliation by authors may be optional rather than required especially when authors may have envisaged theories and/or reshaped practices while experiencing life inside as well as outside institutions unless documentation of affiliations may only be for the sake of disclosing conflicts of interest [4].


  1. Bernard of Chartres.
  2. nanos gigantum humeris insidentes.
  3. Can a individual without affiliation to a university or research institute publish research papers? What would be the journals stand in such case? nstitute_publish_research_papers_What_would_be_the_journals_stand_in_such_case
  4. Declaring Conflicts of Interest as a Researcher.

Source(s) of Funding


Competing Interests


0 reviews posted so far

0 comments posted so far

Please use this functionality to flag objectionable, inappropriate, inaccurate, and offensive content to WebmedCentral Team and the authors.


Author Comments
0 comments posted so far


What is article Popularity?

Article popularity is calculated by considering the scores: age of the article
Popularity = (P - 1) / (T + 2)^1.5
P : points is the sum of individual scores, which includes article Views, Downloads, Reviews, Comments and their weightage

Scores   Weightage
Views Points X 1
Download Points X 2
Comment Points X 5
Review Points X 10
Points= sum(Views Points + Download Points + Comment Points + Review Points)
T : time since submission in hours.
P is subtracted by 1 to negate submitter's vote.
Age factor is (time since submission in hours plus two) to the power of 1.5.factor.

How Article Quality Works?

For each article Authors/Readers, Reviewers and WMC Editors can review/rate the articles. These ratings are used to determine Feedback Scores.

In most cases, article receive ratings in the range of 0 to 10. We calculate average of all the ratings and consider it as article quality.

Quality=Average(Authors/Readers Ratings + Reviewers Ratings + WMC Editor Ratings)