My opinion

By Dr. Deepak Gupta
Corresponding Author Dr. Deepak Gupta
Self, - United States of America
Submitting Author Dr. Deepak Gupta

First Victim, Second Victim, Third Victim

Gupta D. Can Adverse Correctional Experiences Lead To Third Victim Syndrome?. WebmedCentral ECONOMICS OF MEDICINE 2021;12(12):WMC005749

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License(CC-BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Submitted on: 06 Dec 2021 01:04:29 AM GMT
Published on: 20 Dec 2021 05:03:55 AM GMT

My opinion

We talk about the first victim and the second victim syndrome [1-5]. However, we must also look into the third victim. The third victim may be fictional entities like corporations, towns, communities, societies and nations. However, much before the final step taken by these fictional entities to dissolve themselves under the relentless pressures of being the third victims [6], real people depending on them to survive variably suffer when the third victims are suffering. Yuval Harari may say that fictional entities cannot suffer [7-8], and he may be right that these fictional entities may not suffer per se except that they can just cease to exist after dissolution. However, their victimization as the third victims may leave real people suffering in its wake much before the actual dissolution of these fictional entities.

The immediately victimized third victims may be the corporations but the victimization effects do not cease to exist just at them where-after the victimization percolates into towns of people they serve and to nations of people they belong. Eventually, societies and environments become the far-removed third victim called humanity trotting globally and matrix forcing existence [9].

Therefore, whenever over-litigating, over-regulating and over-charging, the first victim, the second victim and the third victim eventually encompass the litigators who over-litigate, the regulators who over-regulate, and the chargers who over-charge because over-litigating, over-regulating and over-charging eventually lead to evolution of ghosts out of unsustainable vibrant and alive towns, communities, societies and nations [10-12] to which these litigators, regulators and chargers themselves belong. Each victimization that leads to new litigation, each litigation that leads to new regulation, and each regulation that leads to new charge eventually leads to new improvement per se that helps some things while harming other things. Thereafter, the cycle starts again [13], and it goes on and on because existence in problematic matrix is and remains unresolvable without nothingness.

The bottom-line is that, just like positive stress to tolerable stress becoming toxic stress to evolve adverse childhood experiences [14-15], there is a thin blurred timeline when positive litigation, positive regulation and positive charging cross over tolerable litigation, tolerable regulation and tolerable charging to become toxic litigation, toxic regulation and toxic charging inducing adverse correctional experiences for the third victims secondary to global humanity's maladapted responses to the first victims and the second victims.


  1. Quick Safety Issue 39: Supporting second victims. s-and-multimedia/newsletters/newsletters/quick-safety/quick-safety-issue-39-supporting-second-victim s/
  2. Deployment of a Second Victim Peer Support Program: A Replication Study. es/PMC6132481/  
  3. Second Victim Syndrome. https://www.emra .org/books/emra-wellness-guide/ch-8.-second-victim-syndrome/
  4. Second victims in health care: current perspectives. es/PMC6697646/
  5. The Second Victim Phenomenon: A Harsh Reality of Health Care Professions. ns
  6. Closing a corporation. poration
  7. If a Story or Entity Can't Suffer, It's Fictional.
  8. Yuval Noah Harari on Imagined Realities.
  9. Facts about the climate emergency. https://www.
  10. The Collapse of Lehman Brothers: A Case Study. https://www.i
  11. The Abandonment of Small Cities in the Rust Belt. -rust-belt
  12. The Collapse of the Soviet Union. https://history.state.go v/milestones/1989-1992/collapse-soviet-union
  13. The fall and rise of Native North America.
  14. Stress: How positive, tolerable, and toxic stress impact the developing brain. https://www.albertafamilywellness.o rg/what-we-know/stress
  15. Toxic Stress. https://developingchil

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