Case Report

By Dr. Mounir Lahyani , Dr. Nabil Jakhlal , Dr. Tarik Karmouni , Dr. Khalid Elkhader , Dr. Abdellatif Koutani , Dr. Ahmed Ibn Attya Andaloussi
Corresponding Author Dr. Mounir Lahyani
Department of urology B University Hospital of Rabat, - Morocco
Submitting Author Dr. Lahyani Mounir
Other Authors Dr. Nabil Jakhlal
Department of urology B University Hospital of Rabat, - Morocco

Dr. Tarik Karmouni
Department of urology B University Hospital of Rabat, - Morocco

Dr. Khalid Elkhader
Department of urology B University Hospital of Rabat, - Morocco

Dr. Abdellatif Koutani
Department of urology B University Hospital of Rabat, - Morocco

Dr. Ahmed Ibn Attya Andaloussi
Department of urology B University Hospital of Rabat, - Morocco


Aortic balloon; Double 'J' stent

Lahyani M, Jakhlal N, Karmouni T, Elkhader K, Koutani A, Ibn Attya Andaloussi A. Splenic infarction revealing a double "j" stent in the abdominal aorta. WebmedCentral UROLOGY 2014;5(9):WMC004691
doi: 10.9754/journal.wmc.2014.004691

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License(CC-BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Submitted on: 07 Sep 2014 12:01:00 AM GMT
Published on: 09 Sep 2014 04:07:59 AM GMT


We report a 52-year old patient with a double J ureteral catheter displaced out of the ureter in the initial part of the abdominal aorta. The catheter was removed successfully by endoscopic usual technic after introduction of a safety intra-aortic balloon and without vascular complications.


Double J catheters are used for maintaining the urine flow from kidneys to bladder due to ureteral stenosis caused by intrinsic or extrinsic pathologies [1]. They are usually implanted temporarily for 3–6 months. The procedure is routinely performed under cystoscopic or scopic guidance. Rarely may these catheters be displaced through the large vascular trunks [2–4]. In this case report, we present the successful treatment of displacement of a double J catheter into the abdominal aorta after introduction of a safety balloon in it’s descending thoracic portion through the femoral artery.

Case Report(s)

A 52-year old male patient was treated with a ureteral stent due to an infected hydronephrosis secondary to a probable syndrome uretero-pelvic jonction  9 months ago. It was understood that no cystoscopy was used as a guidance, and that massive hematuria occurred during implantation. Moreover, the patient was not in compliance with the routine follow-up protocols. The patient had consulted for severe pain of the left hypochondrium which prompted us to perform abdominal CT.

This exam revealed the displacement of the top of the catheter through the retroperitoneum within a distance of 5 cm, then through left edge of the infrarenal aorta. The tip of the catheter extended to 2 cm above the celiac trunk and does not contain calcifications or blood clot. The spleen was infarcted.(Fig. 1-2).

The removal of the double ’j’ was done in two stages under cardiopulmonary monitoring. At the beginning, a safety balloon was set up in the thoracic aorta via the femoral artery puncture, then comes the cystoscopic time that allowed the progressive and carefull catheter ablation controlled  by aortic opacification and fluoroscopy. The intra-aortic balloon inflation was not required since the removal of the double j stent was done successfully and without leakage of contrast.


We conclude that the catheter was improperly implanted at the first procedure and the stent migrated to abdominal aorta. Inappropriate procedural protocol without using cystoscopy guidance might have contributed to this complication. Imprecise placement of ureteral catheter may result in malposition or displacement leading to undesirable vascular or cardiac extensions.

The removal of the ureteral stent after introduction of the safety intra-aortic balloon may provide a safe option for the treatment and avoid the risk of bleeding due to vascular breach.

Authors contribution(s)

All authors of the manuscript have read and agreed to its content.


1. Zimskind PD, Fetter TR, Wilkerson JL. Clinical use of long-term indwelling silicone rubber ureteral splints inserted cystoscopically. J Urol 1967;97(5): 840–4.
2. Sabnis RB, Ganpule AP, Ganpule SA. Migration of double J stent into the inferior vena cava and the right atrium. Indian J Urol 2013;29(4):353–4.
3. Falahatkar S, Hemmati H, Gholamjani Moghaddam K. Intracaval migration: an uncommon complication of ureteral double J stent placement. J Endourol 2012;26(8):119–21.
4. Michaelopoulos AS, Tzoufi MJ, Theodorakis G, Mentzekopoulos SD. Acute postoperative pulmonary embolism as a result of intravascular migration of pigtail ureteral stent. Anesth Analg 2002;95(5):1185–8.

Source(s) of Funding

The funding source is myself

Competing Interests


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Review on Splenic infarction revealing a double j stent in the abdominal aorta
Posted by Dr. Ahmed F Kotb on 10 Sep 2014 07:04:43 AM GMT Reviewed by WMC Editors

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